1. Luna 2
It is the first human-made object to reach the surface of the moon. It was the Soviet Union’s mission on September 14, 1959.
2. Ranger 4
- It is the first USA spacecraft launched by NASA to reach the surface of the moon on April 23, 1962.
3. Luna 9
- This spacecraft was launched by the Soviet Union. It performed the first successful soft landing on moon on February 3, 1966 and took numerous photographs
4. Surveyor 1
This was America’s first unmanned soft landing on June 2, 1966. It transmitted 11,237 still photos of the moon’s surface to the earth.
5. Apollo 11
- This spacecraft landed Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin of the USA (the first humans on the moon) on July 20, 1969.
6. Apollo 17
- This spacecraft was used for the sixth and the final landing of humans, Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt of the USA on December 19, 1972.